In Nigeria, the fumigation and pest control sector is critical to preserving healthy living conditions and protecting agricultural production.

As a country with a diverse climate and abundant natural resources, Nigeria faces unique challenges when it comes to managing pests and controlling the spread of diseases carried by insects and rodents.  This has resulted in high demand for professional fumigation and pest control services in a variety of industries, including residential, commercial, and agricultural.

To establish a successful fumigation and pest control business, it is crucial to have a clear understanding of the key supplies needed to carry out these operations. From specialized equipment and chemicals to safety gear and transportation resources, having the right supplies is essential for delivering high-quality services and building a reputable business.

In this blog post, we will discuss the necessary supplies you need to begin your fumigation and pest control business in Nigeria. We will also discuss the licensing and certification requirements.

What are the Chemicals Used for Fumigation & Pest Control Business in Nigeria?

There are several chemicals you would need for fumigation. However, before using any of the chemicals, ensure you are adequately trained in its proper application to maximize its effectiveness while minimizing any potential risks to the environment and human health.

1.    Insecticides

These are substances used to kill or repel insects. They are essential for controlling common pests like mosquitoes, flies, cockroaches, ants, and termites. Insecticides are available in various formulations, including sprays, dust, and baits.

An example of an insecticide you need is Larvicide.  This is a specific type of insecticide used to target and control mosquito larvae. Mosquitoes breed in stagnant water, and larvicides are designed to be applied to these breeding sites to disrupt the mosquito life cycle. By targeting the larvae, larvicides help prevent the development of adult mosquitoes, thereby reducing the mosquito population and the risk of mosquito-borne diseases.

2.    Rodenticides

Rodenticides are chemical substances specifically designed to control and eliminate rodent populations. They are used to manage infestations of rats and mice, which can cause property damage, contaminate food supplies, and transmit diseases. These pesticides are typically used in residential, commercial, and agricultural settings where rodent control is necessary. Here are some common types of rodenticides.

3.    Fumigants

Fumigants are substances in the form of gases or vapours that are used to control and eliminate pests in enclosed spaces. They are particularly effective in reaching areas that are difficult to access, such as cracks, crevices, and hidden corners, where pests may hide or breed. Fumigants work by penetrating these spaces and coming into contact with pests, thereby killing them.

It’s important to note that fumigants should be handled with caution and used strictly according to safety guidelines, as they can be hazardous to humans and animals if not used properly. Proper training, protective equipment, and adherence to regulations are necessary when using fumigants to ensure both effective pest control and safety.

Equipment You Need to Start a Fumigation & Pest Control Business in Nigeria

1.    Fogging Machine

This machine is a vital tool used to disperse insecticides in the form of a fine mist or fog. It is highly effective for treating large areas such as warehouses, factories, or outdoor spaces. Fogging machines come in different sizes and capacities, so choose one that suits your specific needs.

2.    Motorised Sprayer

A motorised sprayer is another essential piece of equipment for a pest control business. It is used for precise spraying of insecticides and pesticides in targeted areas, such as homes, offices, and gardens. Motorised sprayers offer better control and coverage compared to manual sprayers.

3.    Safety Equipment

Dealing with potent chemicals requires proper protection to ensure the safety of both the pest control operator and the clients. Essential safety equipment includes masks, gloves, goggles, and protective clothing. These items shield against exposure to harmful chemicals, reducing health risks.

4.    Inspection Tools

To accurately assess pest infestations and identify breeding sites, you will need inspection tools. These can include flashlights, telescopic mirrors, moisture meters, and thermal imaging cameras. Inspection tools assist in locating pest entry points, nests, and areas prone to infestation.

5.    Ladders and Extension Poles

Often, fumigation and pest control activities involve reaching elevated areas such as ceilings, roofs, and trees. Ladders and extension poles are indispensable for accessing these places safely and effectively applying treatments.

6.    Storage and Transportation

Proper storage and transportation of chemicals and equipment are crucial. Invest in durable and secure containers for storing pesticides and insecticides safely. Additionally, consider acquiring a reliable vehicle or motorcycle for transporting your equipment to different locations.

Purchase Pest Control Equipment on an As-Needed Basis

While the pest control industry can be a highly lucrative business, there are also a great deal of upfront costs. As a result, if you’re just getting started, you likely won’t be able to purchase everything in this pest control equipment guide at once. Though, it’s much easier if you gradually purchase it as you expand your services.

Once you have jobs on the books, you should consider buying your pest control equipment. This way, you’ll only be buying equipment for the jobs you know will quickly make you back the money you’ve spent.

Now, you can use this pest control equipment guide to discover exactly what you need and choose from the best options.


How to Start a Fumigation Business in Nigeria

Starting a fumigation and pest control business in Nigeria requires careful planning and preparation. It’s essential to have the right knowledge, registration, and funding to ensure a successful venture.

1.    Training

Before diving into the business, it is crucial to acquire the necessary training. Learning from a professional in the field will provide you with valuable insights into the right equipment, appropriate chemical quantities, and safety protocols.

This pest control training will equip you with the skills to effectively control insects, rodents, and pests while ensuring your well-being. One of the best pest control training school in Lagos is Cleaneat

2.    CAC Registration

Once you have received the required training, the next step is to register your company’s name with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). This registration process formalizes your business and establishes its legal identity. It is an essential step to operate legally and gain credibility in the industry.

3.    Joining the Pest Control Association of Nigeria (PECAN)

After registering your business, consider joining the Pest Control Association of Nigeria (PECAN). Being a part of this professional association provides numerous benefits, including access to industry knowledge, networking opportunities, and updates on the latest trends and regulations.

PECAN membership can help you stay updated and enhance your reputation as a reliable and knowledgeable pest control service provider.

4.    Funding

Securing adequate funds is essential for purchasing the necessary equipment and chemicals. While starting, you can begin with the basics and gradually expand your inventory as your business grows.

The primary equipment required for fumigation includes fogging machines, motorized sprayers, masks, and safety uniforms. These can cost approximately N500,000 to N800,000. It is advisable to start with the essential equipment and add more based on the demand from clients.

5.    Chemicals and Supplies

In the early stages of your business, you have two options regarding purchasing chemicals and supplies. Firstly, you can invest in insecticides and pesticides right away, even before having clients. This approach ensures that you are well-prepared to serve customers promptly and allows you to take advantage of stable prices before any potential increases.

Alternatively, you can wait until you secure your first client before purchasing chemicals. However, considering the rising prices of chemicals, it is advisable to have a budget set aside to acquire these supplies promptly. Building a stock of commonly used insecticides and pesticides will help you respond quickly to client’s needs and maintain a competitive edge in the market.


Launching a fumigation and pest control business in Nigeria requires the right equipment to ensure effective pest eradication and customer satisfaction. By investing in the essential supplies mentioned above, you can provide high-quality services, protect yourself and your clients, and establish a reputable business in this growing industry.

Remember to comply with all necessary regulations, acquire proper training, and join relevant professional associations to enhance your skills and credibility in the field. By following these steps and having the right supplies, you can establish a successful fumigation and pest control business in Nigeria.